Education officials in Merced County, Calif., had wanted for years to find a more suitable home for the alternative school campus the county runs in Atwater. The county's alternative school campuses in Merced and Los Banos had permanent campuses, but for more than a decade, the Atwater site was housed in makeshift leased space in a shuttered hospital on what used to be the Castle Air Force Base. Enrollment was limited to about 120.

Finding a suitable site proved difficult, says Jaime Quintana, facilities planner with the Merced County Office of Education, which oversees the alternative school program. The county secured funding for a new campus in 2008, Quintana says, but the bureaucratic hurdles of winning approval for a site, including the opposition of community members who didn't want a school with at-risk clientele in their neighborhoods stalled plans.

When the county finally was able to win approval for a 10-acre site for a new Atwater campus, it needed to move quickly to have the school open for students for the 2011-12 year.

"What usually takes two years, we did in eight months," says Quintana. "I lost a lot of hair, but we were able to get it done."

The $19 million Valley Community School Atwater Campus welcomed students in August 2011 with a four-wing classroom building, administrative offices, and art and science labs. The campus also has a gymnasium, shop area, childcare facilities and athletic fields. It has capacity for about 200 students — most are in high school, but some are in middle school.

"It's a prototype for the future," Quintana says.

Permanent construction

To expedite the construction process, the county opted for a modular approach. Despite the preconceptions of some about modular buildings as a stop-gap and less than ideal space solution, Quintana emphasizes that there is nothing temporary or lacking in quality about the new school.

"Portable classrooms might last 10 to 20 years, but this type of modular construction is long-lasting. These buildings are constructed to last 50 years, like a traditionally built school," he says.

Walls and other elements of the Atwater campus were manufactured in a factory and delivered to the school site, where they were fastened together. Poured concrete floors and steel framing are some of the building elements that are expected to give the Atwater campus a longer lifespan than other kinds of modular classroom space, Quintana says.

The new classrooms offer a learning environment much improved from the one that students left behind at the former base hospital. A key factor in improving the climate was a focus on sustainability — erecting a campus in Atwater that is environmentally friendly and uses energy efficiently.

"The whole intent was to create a greener environment," says Quintana. "The school is designed to use 30 percent less energy than what the state standards are."

Among the green features:

  • The design enables classrooms to be illuminated with daylight, which studies have shown is beneficial to student performance. The bright surroundings are a significant change from the dark learning spaces found in the old hospital. Lighting controls at the new campus adjust illumination levels so that artificial lights are used only when needed.

  • Photovoltaic panels installed on Atwater's school awnings provide solar energy to power the campus. The Merced Irrigation District, the local energy utility, provided the Atwater school with a $70,000 rebate for installation of the 26-kilowatt system. The system is projected to save $5,800 a year in energy consumption.

  • Cool roofing prevents solar heat gain.

  • Recycled materials are used, including recycled denim as building insulation.

  • A thermal displacement ventilation system controls the climate more efficiently and creates a classroom environment that is more conducive to learning. The builder states that classrooms with the ventilation system have 50 percent less noise than a typical classroom.

The California Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research Program says the advantages of thermal displacement ventilation include "better acoustics, greater energy efficiency, excellent ventilation effectiveness and cleaner and more healthful air."